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The reform movement of the end of the 14th century and the beginning of the 15th century is related to the work of Master Jan Hus, to his preaching, university and writing activities. After his martyr’s death in Constance in 1415, the principles of his teaching gained growing support in Bohemia.
Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic and the then-Czech Kingdom, became a centre of reformation one hundred years before the European reformations. The Wittenberg or Lutheran reformation resounded amongst the Czech utraquists, too; and there was a German-speaking Lutheran community established as well.
The post-White Mountain period (the 17th and the 18th centuries). The time of Recatholicization (Counterreformation) is related to the new artistic style – the Baroque, which has influenced and formed the architectonic appearance of Prague up to these days.
The Jewish population had been settling in the region of Prague already from the 10th century. Their first settlements, which later disappeared without leaving a trace, were in the Lesser Side (at Újezd) and under Vyšehrad. Possibly in the 1st half of the 12th century another Jewish settlement with a synagogue was established around today’s Dušní Street.